If you’ve been accused of a sex crime, there’s a lot at stake. Not only do convicted sex offenders face incarceration and fines, but most must also submit their information—including their name, photograph, and address—to a state database that anyone can access. Naturally, appearing on this registry can make it incredibly challenging to secure employment or even find housing.
Let’s take a look at the kinds of crimes that can land you on a public database:
1. Sexual Assault
Sexual assault typically occurs when one party coerces or physically forces another to engage in sexual activity of a penetrative nature. When the victim is younger than 13, however, sexual contact of any kind—even without penetration—constitutes sexual assault.
It’s worth noting that charges can apply even if the victim consented. If they were detained in a prison, hospital, or other institution, for example, their consent is not recognized in the eyes of the law.
2. Luring or Enticing
Luring or enticing is characterized by coaxing a minor into a vehicle, structure, or isolated area with the intention of committing a criminal offense against them. Merely attempting to lure or entice a child can result in a conviction and, subsequently, a requirement to register as a sex offender, even if the intended crime was never actually committed.
3. Sex Trafficking
Sex trafficking occurs when one party uses fraud, coercion, or force to participate in a commercial sex act with an adult or to get a minor to commit a commercial sex act. These acts are characterized by performing behavior of a sexual nature in exchange for something of value. Examples include prostitution and pornography.
4. Distributing Child Pornography
Those who are convicted of endangering the welfare of children through acts involving pornography must register as sex offenders.
Is the Public Notified Every Time Someone Registers as a Sex Offender?
Every state has its own registry and, subsequently, its own notification process. In New Jersey, every new offender is evaluated by the county prosecutors. It’s up to them to determine how likely the individual is to commit another sex crime.
Low-risk offenders fall into tier one, moderate-risk offenders fall into tier two, and high-risk offenders fall into tier three. Only law enforcement agencies are notified when low-risk offenders move into their jurisdiction; however, anyone can review the database at any time to see if low-risk offenders reside near them.
Facilities that take care of children, including schools, daycare centers, and summer camps, are notified of moderate-risk offenders. Finally, community organizations and the general public are notified when high-risk offenders register in their area.
Speak with a Morristown Sex Crimes Attorney
If you’re facing charges for a sex crime, turn to The Law Offices of Joseph S. Scura. For more than a decade, our tireless team has been advocating for those who have found themselves on the wrong side of the law.
Since an arrest can happen at any time, we’re available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to take your call. To schedule a free consultation with a sex crimes lawyer in Morristown, fill out our Contact Form or call 973-832-0841.